What are financial ratios? Definition and meaning

earnings per share

The company must pay large interest charges regularly, even when they are not generating revenue. We calculate it by dividing current assets by current liabilities. For example, using the previous examples with current assets valued at $2 million and current liabilities at $1 million, say inventories are valued at $1 million. This means that the company has enough in its most liquid assets to fully cover its current liabilities. Generally, a quick ratio of at least 1 is desirable to ensure a company can meet its short-term liabilities. Ideally, a business wants to have several times more current assets than current liabilities, in order to be assured of paying its bills on time.

What is the most commonly used financial ratios?

Earnings per share, or EPS, is one of the most common ratios used in the financial world. This number tells you how much a company earns in profit for each outstanding share of stock. EPS is calculated by dividing a company's net income by the total number of shares outstanding.

Earnings per share measures the amount of net income produced by the company for each share in the company. It is measured by dividing the net earnings by the total shares outstanding. It is a market value ratio, which is used to evaluate the stock of the company. For example, if a company has current assets valued at $2 million and current liabilities valued at $1 million, its current ratio is 2. This means the company has enough current assets to cover its current liabilities two full times.

Financial Ratios

The rate of return that stockholders in your company expect to make when they buy your stock. It is implicit with equities and is captured in the stock price. Different investors probably have different expected returns, siince they see different amounts of risk in the same investment. So, our first task in financial ratio analysis is to sort them out. Then, we use the ratios most relevant to the industry in which the company operates. When the company has high debt, we say the company’s financial leverage is high.


This financial ratio indicates whether or not working capital has been utilized effectively in sales. Thereceivable turnover ratioshows how often the receivable turns into cash. Net margins will also be affected by how much debt you choose to use to fund your operations. Higher debt will lead to higher interest expenses and lower net income and net margins. Measures the profit mark-up on all costs on the products and services sold by the firm. Net margins vary widely across sectors and, even within a sector, widely across firms as a reflection of the pricing strategy adopted by the firm.

Video – What are accounting ratios?

There are some https://quick-bookkeeping.net/s that have dividend yields that are higher than the riskfree rate. While they may seem like a bargain, the dividends are not guaranteed and may not be sustainable. Studies of stock returns over time seem to indicate that investing in stocks with high dividend yields is a strategy that generates positive excess or abnormal returns.


Alpha Difference between the actual returns earned on a traded investment and the return you would have expected to make on that investment, given its risk. We calculate the asset turnover ratio by dividing the revenue on the income statement by the average total assets on the balance sheet. The current ratio measures how a business’s current assets, such as cash, cash equivalents, accounts receivable, and inventories, are used to settle current liabilities such as accounts payable. Liquidity ratios measure a company’s capacity to meet its short-term obligations and are a vital indicator of its financial health.